Rhinoceroses are herbivorous mammals that are recognised by their horned snouts. The word rhinoceros is derived from Greek words. “Rhino” means ‘nose’ and “Ceros” means ‘horn’. It is grey in color, has a long face and a hump on its neck.
Most rhinos are known to have poor eyesight. This is why they are seen charging towards any animal or on barren land for no reason. Despite their weakness, they have really good olfactory sense and hearing.
Conservation efforts are being made for the four out of the five species of rhinos. The list include: Black rhino, Javan rhino, Sumatran rhino and the greater one-horned rhino.
Black rhino: About 87% of the black rhino population is found in Namibia, South Africa and Kenya.
Javan rhino: This particular species is considered to be critically endangered. As per the count, there are only around 67 Javan rhinos left in the world. Most of these are found in the Ujung Kulon National Park in the Indonesian island of Java.
Sumatran rhino: It is amongst the most threatened of all species of rhinos. There are fewer than 80 spread across Indonesia on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo, respectively.
Greater one-horned rhino: Conservation efforts around this species is amongst Asia’s greatest conservation stories. This rhino population has increased to around a total of 3,700 from a mere 200 in the 20th century. 85% of all greater one-horned rhinos are found in India and Nepal.
That being said, Rhinos face two major threats in the form of:
Poaching: These mammals are poached for their horns which are used in traditional medicine or as a high-value gift item.
Illegal Wildlife Trade: International trade in rhino has been banned under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Fauna and Flora (CITES). This a global agreement between various governments to eradicate poaching in Asia and Africa.
To protect and conserve the rhino population, WWF has collaborated with government agencies across the globe to increase support for rhino conservation.